east to the Rocky Mountains.
Photo Courtesy of Janice Strong
Location Map in North American context
Location Map with Cities
Information on Location of Cranbrook in the Canadian Rocky Mountains
- The City
of Cranbrook, (population 20,000) is located in the south-east part
of the Province of British Columbia, facing the west side of the Southern
Canadian Rockies about 25 km (15 miles) away. In this respect it is
often considered a major "Gateway to the Canadian Rocky Mountains."
Fisher, the highest peak in the immediate area, rises to 9,300 feet
above see level in this part of the mountain range. The city is actually located in a basin
just to the west of the widest part of the great "Rocky Mountain
Trench", hence it has a long period of sunlight compared to other
cities in the mountains.
- The City
itself is one of the higher cities in BC, at 3,000 feet above sea level,
a fact not often noticed when arriving from any direction since the climb is slow
over several hundred miles. The City of Kimberley, 20 miles to the north-west
rises to 4,000 above sea-level, one of the highest in Canada. A relatively
dry climate with intense sunlight is the result.
to Statistics Canada, which measured weather patterns at the Cranbrook
Regional Airport, the City has the second highest number of sunshine
hours per year in Canada, exceeded only by south-central Saskatchewan in the prairies
about 600 miles to the east.
- The Purcell
range of the Columbia Mountains rise to the west of Cranbrook, and the
Kootenay River, the largest tributary of the Columbia River, runs southwards
about 10 miles east of the City in the Rocky Mountain Trench.
Columbia River itself begins about 80 km (50 miles) north of the City,
and flows northward before turning south to enter the USA. One of the
worlds longest natural "Wetlands" runs along the Columbia
and Kootenay rivers. Cranbrook is the major city in the "Columbia
Drainage Basin" in Canada.
Highway 3, the major southern Provincial Arterial Highway runs through
the city connecting Vancouver to Medicine Hat on the Trans-Canada Highway
Highway 95, runs from Yuma, Arizona, through Las Vegas, Coeur dAlene
Idaho, through the major customs and immigration port of Kingsgate/Porthill,
then through Cranbrook to Radium Hot Spring and Banff National Park
about 300 km (180 miles).
Highway 93, also starting in southern Arizona, winds its way north through
eastern Nevada, Missoula, Montana and into Canada at Roosville, then
bypasses Cranbrook about 5 miles east of the city where it joins Highway
95 to run north.
- The nearest
very large City is Calgary, Alberta (population 1 million) about 400
km (260 miles) to the north-east on the other side of the Rocky Mountains. This
city is reached by either the southerly Crowsnest Pass or by the more
northerly passes into Banff National Park and then to Calgary. Each
route is about the same distance.
BC (1.7 million) is 830 km (530 miles to the west, and Spokane, WA.,
(200,000) is the closest large city about 300 km (180 miles) south.
direct fights are out of the Cranbrook airport to Calgary or Vancouver.
Bus Lines also have several runs per day to Vancouver, and via Banff
or the Crowsnest Pass to Calgary and points east.
National Park is about 300 km (180 miles) to the north-east, and Jasper
National Park further north again along highway 95/93. Kootenay National
Park, and Yoho National Park are also on the way to Banff.
International Park is about 250 km (150 miles) south-east in Montana
or 200 km (120miles) east through the Crowsnest Pass into southern Alberta.